Imperial favor for expansion of civil examination quota in Ming and Qing dynasties

Associate Professor, School of History, Renmin University of China, Beijing

“En zhao guang e” or quota expansion by imperial favor was an important practice in Ming-Qing’s civil examinations which shows the interaction of the monarch and the examination system itself. This project investigates the background, practice and adjustment of this practice in Ming and Qing times, and compares the regulations, quota amounts and modules issued by these dynasties to see the evolution and differences in their civil examination systems.